A simple and secure voting system with Bitcoin

April 22, 2014 | No Comments »

A schema designed to utilize Bitcoin cryptocurrency for secure and simple electronic voting. In the heart of the schema lies the Blockchain, so all the processes of the system are open to public audition.

Requirements:

All actors of the election should be able to have a Bitcoin account.
All actors of the election should be able to secure their voting computer.

Actors:

Election Authority
Candidate
Voter

Terminology:

Block Chain: Bitcoin public transaction list
0.00000001 Bitcoin: the smallest unit of Bitcoin possible
BTC: Abbreviation for Bitcoin currency

Schema:

0. Election Authority declaration
Election Authority publicly announces its Bitcoin address.

1. Voter registration
Voters show a valid ID and provide their Bitcoin address to Election Authority, who sends them 0.00000001 BTC in return. All voter Bitcoin addresses are publicly listed in the Blockchain. To carry out citizens’ right to vote anonymously, the Election Authority keeps the IDs to prevent double registration but does not keep a record of association between the IDs and the provided Bitcoin addresses.

2. Candidate registration
Candidates provide a valid ID and their Bitcoin address to Election Authority, who sends them 0.00000002 BTC in return. All candidate Bitcoin addresses are publicly listed in the Blockchain. As opposed to voter registration, Election Authority keeps and publicly announces a record of association between each candidate ID and their provided Bitcoin address. Candidates are obliged to announce their Bitcoin addresses.

3. Starting the election
Election starts when Election Authority sends 0.00000001 BTC to all the voters’ Bitcoin addresses publicly listed in the BLockchain.

4. Voting
Voters send 0.00000001 BTC to their preferred candidate’s Bitcoin addresses publicly listed in the Blockchain.

5. Ending the election
Election ends when all voting transactions are processed for each candidate in the Blockchain. A time limit can be also put in place.

6. Election result
Election result is obtained by counting all valid voting transactions from the registered voting addresses to the registered candidate addresses in the Blockchain. Any other transaction after the first 0.00000001 Bitcoin transaction from the voter to the candidate is considered disqualified. The whole process from the registrations to the voting and counting the results is open to audition by anyone.

Contribution

This basic schema can be applied today with the existing Bitcoin infrastructure. One can develop applications and interfaces for better user experience of this system. To contribute and improve the schema please send your comments and questions to the comments section of this page, or feel free to fork the repository and send pull requests.

https://github.com/arikan/bitcoin-voting

License

The MIT License (MIT)


Monovacation, Datascape, LABoral, Gijon

March 17, 2014 | No Comments »

Monovacation is on view at the LABoral Datascape exhibition, March 14th – September 21st, 2014.

Monovacation
2013. Custom software, interactive map on 47” touchscreen, video on 42” LCD screen, projection

Monovacation cordially invites you to “the vacation” of vacations… The official tourism commercials of countries in competition with each other have been selected and each film has been divided into the possible tiniest clips. The clips, 3-4 sec long by nature have been coded with tags. Through a network diagram which run as a software simulation, these tags are connected to each other via shared clips have found their positions on the map. Then, a new sequence have been generated through a traversal in the network map, jumping from one node to the closest, following the path of the most central tags. Shores from Egypt to Portugal, woman from Israel to India, mythological figures from Thailand to Turkey here comes an extracted fantasy of “vacation”… Text continues below

Three part installation:

Projection (3 min loop) – Official tourism commercials of countries which are competitors of each other, used as data and presented in grid form (excerpt below)

Digital Print – Network map of tags connected by shared clips, generated by the content analysis of the tourism commercials, where the blue color represents the traversal path used for editing the new film.

Monovacation-en-180x120-Burak-Arikan

Video (6 min loop) – Generic film algorithmically reedited by a traversal on the network map (excerpt below).

Monovacation


Zeynep Gökay Üstün

Monovacation cordially invites you to “the vacation” of vacations… The official tourism commercials of countries in competition with each other have been selected and each film has been divided into the possible tiniest clips. The clips, 3-4 sec long by nature have been coded with tags. Through a network diagram, which run as a software simulation, these tags are connected to each other via shared clips and have found their positions on the map. Then, a new sequence have been generated through a traversal in the network map, jumping from one node to the closest, following the path of the most central tags. Shores from Egypt to Portugal, hospitality from Australia to Ukraine, nature from Spain to New Zealand, woman from Israel to India, mythological figures from Thailand to Turkey here comes an extracted fantasy of “vacation”…

Tourism is a vicious sphere of competition in the world economy. This situation forces the countries possessing touristic values to act like corporations. The 2012-2013 Tourism Report of the World Economic Forum evaluates and ranks 144 countries and assumes a position within the global context. The countries in competition take the pulse of each other and use every trick in the book to impress the visitors; huge investments, airport constructions, chain hotels, loyalty programs, business world, and many other attractions as such. Turkey, in this context is one of the countries that attract tourists. Among its competitors there are countries such as France, Spain, Italy, Cyprus, Greece, Malta, Egypt, Portugal, Yugoslavia, Morocco, Thailand, China, UAE, Taiwan and India. 144 countries trying to captivate the tourists and ruthless competition… Monovacation uses 20 official tourism TV commercials randomly selected out of these 144 countries as its material.

The image appears in the commercial videos of the countries with tourism value. Each film hails another subjectivity, from place to place employs the same imagery and from time to time idiosyncratic elements. The representative images in visuals do not only show the countries assets also builds an ideal understanding of vacation for the subjects. While they are defining a subjective position for the tourist, they also point to all sorts of “should’s” from how and with whom we should have fun, how we should rest, to which view or historical structure we should admire. While the efforts to shape the vacation through the subjectivity of the tourist render these movies almost the same, the trademark geographical and cultural values seem to be wrapped up and marketed. The countries are being stripped off all other qualities and are being brought to a common ground. These commercials, which usually last one to three minutes summarize the countries real quick and try to catch attention and on the other hand give a promise to satisfy all the vacation needs of the tourist, so they collaboratively construct a fantasy of vacation.

Splitting these commercial films into the tiniest pieces and having another gaze at each separated clip channels us into a much convenient path than breaking the routine, instead it reinforces the routine and make it much apparent. Thus, positioning the tags post-coded and attached to each clip in a network map enables one to read this construct of vacation. Yet above all, such a map allows one to discover the most central concepts and representations and to invent a generic vacation commercial. A fantasy which overrules other fantasies of travelling, a fantasy where the steps of discovering a new place are predetermined and a fantasy where the patterns are being reproduced… Monovacation, this construct that we know is generic, forms an extracted fantasy of travelling not to the countries but to the travel itself.

In this context Monovacation is a work composed of three pieces: (1) Official tourism commercials of Turkey and its competitors on a grid, (2) Network map of representation similarity generated by the content analysis of the tourism commercials, (3) Generic film reedited with network analysis.

This work was prepared for the purpose of VitrA Contemporary Architecture Series: Please Do Not Disturb exhibition realized in 2013.


Artist Collector Network, Critical Machines, AUB, Beirut

March 8, 2014 | No Comments »

Critical-Machines-AUB-Beirut-2014

View from the Artist Collector Network

View from the Artist Collector Network

Artist Collector Network is on view at the Critical Machines exhibition at American University of Beirut Art Gallery from March 6 to July 26th.

Critical Machines
6 March–26 July
AUB Byblos Bank Art Gallery

Artists in the Exhibition
Art & Language, Burak Arikan, Freee art collective, Janah Hilwé, Khalil Rabah, Vadim Zakharov

A Bookshelf with critical machines by:
André Breton, Critical Art Ensemble, Marcel Duchamp, Andrea Fraser, Heresies Collective, William Hogarth, György Galántai and Júlia Klaniczay (Artpool), Kenneth Goldsmith, Hans Haacke & Pierre Bourdieu, Pablo Helguera, Garnet Hertz, Wassily Kandinsky, Allan Kaprow, Hassan Khan, Andrei Monastyrsky, William Morris, Walid Raad, Ad Reinhardt, Temporary Services, Gregory Sholette, Nasrin Tabatabai and Babak Afrassiabi and others

Curator: Octavian Esanu

Critical Machines: Art Periodicals Today Conference
March 7–8, 10am–5:30pm
Faculty Lounge, Ada Dodge Hall
American University of Beirut

Participating art periodicals and editors: Al Akhbar newspaper, Culture & Society section—Roy Dib (Beirut, Lebanon); Arteria e-journal—Vardan Azatyan (Yerevan, Armenia); ArtTerritories online publishing platform—Shuruq Harb (Palestine); Art and the Public Sphere journal—Mel Jordan (London); ArtLeaks Gazette—Corina Apostol (Bucharest, Romania); ARTMargins journal—Sven Spieker (Los Angeles), Octavian Esanu, Angela Harutyunyan (Beirut, Lebanon); Bidoun magazine—Negar Azimi (New York); Cabinet magazine—D. Graham Burnett (New York); Chto Delat’ newspaper—Dmitry Vilensky (St. Petersburg, Russia); e-flux journal—Anton Vidokle (New York/Beirut, Lebanon); Gahnama-e-Hunar magazine—Rahraw Omarzad (Kabul, Afghanistan); Ibraaz online platform – Anthony Downey (London); Mada Masr online newspaper and platform, Art & Culture section—Lina Attalah (Cairo, Egypt); October journal—David Joselit (New York City); Red Thread e-journal—Erden Kosova (Istanbul, Turkey); Umělec magazine—Ivan Mečl and Palo Fabuš (London and Prague)


Graph Commons Workshop, 5th Marrakech Biennale, Morocco

February 24, 2014 | No Comments »

ngo-france-turkey-network-mapping-workshop

Graph Commons Workshop will be held at the 5th Marrakech Biennale, Morocco on Friday 28th February 9:00 – 13:30, in Marrakech (exact location to be confirmed).

The workshop will explore complex networks through mapping and visual analysis in order to expand the individual’s understanding of the network as a creative medium. Starting from hand drawn simple relationship diagrams, participants gradually build complex network models. Emphasis on network mapping, modeling, relational thinking, protocol authoring, centrality analysis, clustering analysis, and information design. Participants learn the most through observing and extracting networks from their area of interests, collaborative mapping, sketching, and discussing diagrams.

Graph Commons is used at the workshops for visualization, group collaboration, and sharing. So please bring your laptop to the workshop.
http://graphcommons.com

For more information, see the workshop archive:
http://www.teaching.burak-arikan.com/creative-networking

If you are interested in participating please RSVP contact Maia Holtermann Entwistle:
maia.holtermann@marrakechbiennale.org


Monovacation, 5th Marrakech Biennale

February 24, 2014 | No Comments »

Monovacation is on view at the 5th Marrakech Biennale, February 26th – March 31st, 2014. The installation is located at the historic Bank Al Maghrib stands on the Jamaa El Fna square of Marrakech.

Monovacation
2013. Custom software, projection, digital print (180×120 cm), video on 42” LCD screen

Monovacation cordially invites you to “the vacation” of vacations… The official tourism commercials of countries in competition with each other have been selected and each film has been divided into the possible tiniest clips. The clips, 3-4 sec long by nature have been coded with tags. Through a network diagram which run as a software simulation, these tags are connected to each other via shared clips have found their positions on the map. Then, a new sequence have been generated through a traversal in the network map, jumping from one node to the closest, following the path of the most central tags. Shores from Egypt to Portugal, woman from Israel to India, mythological figures from Thailand to Turkey here comes an extracted fantasy of “vacation”… Text continues below

Three part installation:

Projection (3 min loop) – Official tourism commercials of countries which are competitors of each other, used as data and presented in grid form (excerpt below)

Digital Print – Network map of tags connected by shared clips, generated by the content analysis of the tourism commercials, where the blue color represents the traversal path used for editing the new film.

Monovacation-en-180x120-Burak-Arikan

Video (6 min loop) – Generic film algorithmically reedited by a traversal on the network map (excerpt below).

Monovacation


Zeynep Gökay Üstün

Monovacation cordially invites you to “the vacation” of vacations… The official tourism commercials of countries in competition with each other have been selected and each film has been divided into the possible tiniest clips. The clips, 3-4 sec long by nature have been coded with tags. Through a network diagram, which run as a software simulation, these tags are connected to each other via shared clips and have found their positions on the map. Then, a new sequence have been generated through a traversal in the network map, jumping from one node to the closest, following the path of the most central tags. Shores from Egypt to Portugal, hospitality from Australia to Ukraine, nature from Spain to New Zealand, woman from Israel to India, mythological figures from Thailand to Turkey here comes an extracted fantasy of “vacation”…

Tourism is a vicious sphere of competition in the world economy. This situation forces the countries possessing touristic values to act like corporations. The 2012-2013 Tourism Report of the World Economic Forum evaluates and ranks 144 countries and assumes a position within the global context. The countries in competition take the pulse of each other and use every trick in the book to impress the visitors; huge investments, airport constructions, chain hotels, loyalty programs, business world, and many other attractions as such. Turkey, in this context is one of the countries that attract tourists. Among its competitors there are countries such as France, Spain, Italy, Cyprus, Greece, Malta, Egypt, Portugal, Yugoslavia, Morocco, Thailand, China, UAE, Taiwan and India. 144 countries trying to captivate the tourists and ruthless competition… Monovacation uses 20 official tourism TV commercials randomly selected out of these 144 countries as its material.

The image appears in the commercial videos of the countries with tourism value. Each film hails another subjectivity, from place to place employs the same imagery and from time to time idiosyncratic elements. The representative images in visuals do not only show the countries assets also builds an ideal understanding of vacation for the subjects. While they are defining a subjective position for the tourist, they also point to all sorts of “should’s” from how and with whom we should have fun, how we should rest, to which view or historical structure we should admire. While the efforts to shape the vacation through the subjectivity of the tourist render these movies almost the same, the trademark geographical and cultural values seem to be wrapped up and marketed. The countries are being stripped off all other qualities and are being brought to a common ground. These commercials, which usually last one to three minutes summarize the countries real quick and try to catch attention and on the other hand give a promise to satisfy all the vacation needs of the tourist, so they collaboratively construct a fantasy of vacation.

Splitting these commercial films into the tiniest pieces and having another gaze at each separated clip channels us into a much convenient path than breaking the routine, instead it reinforces the routine and make it much apparent. Thus, positioning the tags post-coded and attached to each clip in a network map enables one to read this construct of vacation. Yet above all, such a map allows one to discover the most central concepts and representations and to invent a generic vacation commercial. A fantasy which overrules other fantasies of travelling, a fantasy where the steps of discovering a new place are predetermined and a fantasy where the patterns are being reproduced… Monovacation, this construct that we know is generic, forms an extracted fantasy of travelling not to the countries but to the travel itself.

In this context Monovacation is a work composed of three pieces: (1) Official tourism commercials of Turkey and its competitors on a grid, (2) Network map of representation similarity generated by the content analysis of the tourism commercials, (3) Generic film reedited with network analysis.

This work was prepared for the purpose of VitrA Contemporary Architecture Series: Please Do Not Disturb exhibition realized in 2013.


Penal Systems Network, Henie-Onstad Kunstsenter, Oslo

January 30, 2014 | No Comments »

Penal-Systems-Network-HOK-Oslo

Penal Systems Network, a network map of world’s penal systems that evoke controversy is at Henie-Onstad Kunstsenter “We are living on a star” exhibition, January 30th–April 27th, 2014.

The Hannah Ryggen tapestry We are living on a star is the leitmotif for the exhibition. The tapestry hung in the government building in Oslo was bombed July 22, 2011. This exhibition intends to investigate the wound after July 22, with the concept of normality as its point of departure.

Artists:
Burak Arikan, Doug Ashford, Julian Blaue, Martin Braathen med Marius Engh, Even Smith Wergeland og Superunion Architects, Marthe Ramm Fortun, Hanne Friis, Else Marie Hagen, Silje Linge Haaland, Per-Oskar Leu, Lotte Konow Lund, Jumana Manna, Eline McGeorge, Eva Rothschild, Hannah Ryggen, Ahlam Shibli and Javier Téllez.

Curators:
Tone Hansen and Marit Paasche

Penal Systems Network is a relational mapping of world’s penal systems that evoke controversy: A network map of world countries connected to juridical topics whether or not they are being exercised and how they are being exercised such as life imprisonment, parole, indefinite sentence, and amnesty. This network map provides a comparison of penalties at scale between countries and legal systems. The network map is a self-organizing software system, where the layout is organized based on the connections, showing both similarities and differences between countries, central penalties, and peripheral penalties.

Research by Zeyno Ustun


Karmaşık Ağların Yaratıcı Kullanımı, Bilgi Üniversitesi E3 Mimarlık Ve Tasarım Kulübü Konferansı

December 23, 2013 | No Comments »

Burak-Arikan-karmasik-aglarin-yaratici-kulanimi-Bilgi-Universitesi-Mimarlik-Tasarim-E3-konferans-2013

24 Aralık Salı, 2013
13:00
Mimarlık Ve Tasarım Kulübü Konferansı
E3 303 Yüksek Lisans Atölyesi
İstanbul Bilgi Üniversitesi

Karmaşık Ağların Yaratıcı Kullanımı

Son yaptığım işlerin üzerinden giderek ağ haritalaması neden bugün önemli ve kendi işlerinizde nasıl kullanabilirsiniz tartışacağız. Konuşmada MyPocket (2008), Yüksek Öğrenim Endüstriyel Kompleksi (2013), Mülksüzleştirme Ağları (2013) ve Graph Commons kolektif “ağ haritalama” platformu sunulacak ve tartışılacak.

Daha fazla bilgi:
http://burak-arikan.com/mypocket
http://burak-arikan.com/ozeluniversiteler
http://mulksuzlestirme.org
http://graphcommons.com


Creative Networking / Data Viz Workshop, CTM Parsons, New York

November 18, 2013 | No Comments »
Organizational network mapping and analysis for NGOs, Istanbul Workshop, 2009

Organizational network mapping and analysis for NGOs, Istanbul Workshop, 2009

Tomorrow I am conducting a full day Creative Networking / Data viz Workshop at the Center for Transformative Media Parsons, NYC, Tue Nov 19th.

CTM Guest Workshop: Creative Networking / Data Viz
The Center for Transformative Media
Tuesday, November 19, 2013
Full day workshop: 10.30 AM – 1.30 PM, and 2.30- 6.30 PM (EST)
morning session in ‘The Bark Room’ at 2 West 13th Street, NY
afternoon session in ‘The T. Lang conference room’ at 55 West 13th Street, NY
New York, NY

One day workshop focusing on the design and understanding of complex networks through mapping and visual analysis in order to expand the individual’s thinking about the network as a creative medium. Starting from hand drawn simple graph diagrams, participants gradually build complex network models. Emphasis on network mapping, modeling, relational thinking, protocol authoring, centrality analysis, clustering analysis, and information design. Participants learn the most through observing and extracting networks from their area of interests, collaborative mapping, sketching, and discussing diagrams.

Graph Commons is used at the workshops for visualization, group collaboration, and further sharing, so bring your laptops!
http://graphcommons.com

This event will be open to Parsons and New School students and faculty. As space is limited to 24 participants, registration on Eventbrite is necessary (sorry if it is full, please follow @graphcommons for future workshop announcements).

For more on previous workshops run at international events since 2007, please visit the Workshop Archive:
http://teaching.burak-arikan.com/creative-networking

About CTM
http://ctm.parsons.edu


Higher Education Industrial Complex, Scientific Inquiries, Koc University

November 10, 2013 | No Comments »

ozeluniversiteler-agi-turkiye-yuksek-ogrenim-endustriyel-kompleksi-2013-alinti1

ozeluniversiteler-agi-turkiye-yuksek-ogrenim-endustriyel-kompleksi-2013-alinti2

Higher Education Industrial Complex is a new work on the 68 private universities and their boards of trustees connected to a network of corporations and institutions in Turkey. The works is on show at the Koç University Campus in Istanbul, as part of the Scientific Inquiries exhibition. Curated by Basak Senova, research by Zeyno Ustun. The maps are also accessible on http://burak-arikan.com/ozeluniversiteler.

Private universities and their boards of trustees connected to a network of corporations and institutions make the higher education industrial complex of Turkey. The network map contains 68 private universities (red), 625 member of the board of trustees (black), 970 organizations (blue colored corporations, foundations, associations, political parties, state universities), and 2001 relationships researched between organizations and people.

Analyzing the relations between the board of trustees, which are the power holders within the universities, with other institutions and corporations; compiling a database of such information; and generating a network map of these relations, in which one can navigate from one node to the other would provide us a tool in order to understand the ecosystem of higher education in political and social terms. The network map of 68 private universities, including Koç University, their board of trustees, and the companies and institutions that they share, aims to reveal the ecosystem, the central and peripheral actors, their indirect connections, and clusters of industrial complex of higher education.

The work is an installation of an interactive network map on a 47” touch screen display running on a custom software and a 260 x 125 cm digital print map. Maps are being exhibited in the Koç University campus and accessible on http://burak-arikan.com/ozeluniversiteler

* Images are excerpts from the map showing TUSIAD and MUSIAD their surrounding network.


Talk: Networks of Dispossession, GEZI NYC Forums #11

November 10, 2013 | No Comments »

mulksuzlestirme-aglari-yakin-fotograf

We are going to present the Networks of Dispossession project and the Graph Commons platform at GEZI NYC Forums #11 hosted in the The New School.

Networks of Dispossession // Mülksüzleştirme Ağları
Burak Arikan and Zeyno Üstun
November 12th, 8PM
The New School, 66 West 12th, Room 510, New York, NY

Arikan and Ustun will present the Network of Dispossession project, a collective data compiling and mapping project on urban transformation in Turkey with respect to corporations, capital and power. Arikan and Ustun will analyze the maps by providing a new narrative structure and discussing the outcome in relation to Gezi protests. They will elaborate on the next steps of their ongoing project. Graph Commons collaborative ‘network mapping’ platform will also be presented as the infrastructure for their research.
For more information: http://mulksuzlestirme.org and http://graphcommons.org

Burak Arıkan is a New York and Istanbul based artist working with complex networks. He takes the obvious social, economical, and political issues as input and runs through abstract machinery, which generates network maps and algorithmic interfaces, results in performances, and procreates predictions to render inherent power relationships visible and discussable. Arıkan’s software, prints, installations, and performances have been featured in numerous institutions internationally; most recent appearances include: 13th Istanbul Biennial (2013), Home Works 6, Beirut (2013), 11th Sharjah Biennial (2013), 7th Berlin Biennale (2012), Nam June Paik Award Exhibition, Kunstmuseum Bochum (2012), Truth is Concrete, Graz (2012). Arikan is the founder of Graph Commons platform, dedicated to providing “network intelligence” for everyone.

Zeyno Ustun is a freelance researcher and a graduate student in the department of Sociology at New School for Social Research. She received her MA in Sociology from Boğaziçi University, where she wrote a thesis titled Desire of the Impossible; A Cultural Reading of Fantastic Cinema in which she studied contemporary fantastic cinema in order to investigate a new kind of vulnerability of the subjects in the late 20th century. During her MA studies, she worked as a research assistant and co-taught the course Social Research Methods at Bogazici University. She also coordinated a project titled A Comprehensive View of the Competitiveness of Istanbul Hotels affiliated with Boğaziçi University Scientific Research Fund and the Department of Tourism Administration.